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- About dementia
The term 'dementia' is used to describe the symptoms that occur when the brain is affected by specific diseases and conditions. Symptoms of dementia include loss of memory, confusion and problems with speech and understanding.
Dementia is not a mental illness, it is a physical brain disease
that damages brain cells. It cannot presently be cured, although
there are anti-dementia drugs in the form of pills or patches that
may delay memory deterioration for a while. The drugs are not
suitable for everybody, so it is important to get an early
diagnosis of what type of dementia a person has and what other
medication they are taking before prescribing.
There are many different types of dementia, the most common of which are Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia - sometimes people will have a combination of more than one. The most noticeable early symptoms are short-term memory loss, repetitive behaviour, general confusion, lack of understanding and an increasing inability to perform everyday tasks. A person might show feelings of insecurity and need constant reassurance.