About dementia


The term 'dementia' is used to describe the symptoms that occur when the brain is affected by specific diseases and conditions. Symptoms of dementia include loss of memory, confusion and problems with speech and understanding.

Dementia is not a mental illness, it is a physical brain disease that damages brain cells. It cannot presently be cured, although there are anti-dementia drugs in the form of pills or patches that may delay memory deterioration for a while. The drugs are not suitable for everybody, so it is important to get an early diagnosis of what type of dementia a person has and what other medication they are taking before prescribing.

There are many different types of dementia, the most common of which are Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia - sometimes people will have a combination of more than one. The most noticeable early symptoms are short-term memory loss, repetitive behaviour, general confusion, lack of understanding and an increasing inability to perform everyday tasks. A person might show feelings of insecurity and need constant reassurance.

What is dementia?

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Worried about your memory?

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Early symptoms

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Talking to your doctor

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Progression of dementia

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> Read more about Medication

Memory changes

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Did you know?

More than 60 per cent of all care home residents, aged over 65, have a form of dementia.